” Ramadan Festival “

Dear Co-workers and Students;

 

In my previous articles, as all you may know,

I tried to tell you about my festival experiences in Thailand.

This week I am going to write my impressions about a festival in Turkey.

 

Turkish and Islamic people call this festival ” Ramadan Festival “.

According to Islamic beliefs, people have to fast for one month in every year.

They always fast in the same month which is called ” Ramadan “.

 

During this period,

people can not eat or drink anything from the sunrise until the sunset.
They also have to control their emotions.

They shouldn’t get angry quickly, they should stay calm and they also
can not get into any sexual action in this period.

 

Because of people will stay hungry and thirsty all day,they wake up very early

after midnight and they prepare a good and satisfying meal.

Or you can name it breakfast.

They eat and drink as much as they want and they stop eaiting
and drinking before sunrise.

 

So, they don’t eat anything at breakfast and lunch.

They become pretty hungry in dinner time.

That is why they prepare pretty delicious meals for dinner
and enjoy it just with the sunset.

 

 

After one month passes,

the next morning people go to mosques and they pray for their God.

After praying, they go back to their home and have a really good breakfast.

They are not supposed to fast during the festival because it would be
a sin in their belief.

 

The festival takes place for three days and during this period,

the families visit the other families which are their relatives,

neighbours and best friends.

When they go visiting to each other, the host welcome the visitors very friendly

and serves them high quality candy or home-made delicious desert.

 

On the other hand, the children of the neighborhood
become together and make groups.

After that, the groups ring the bells of the neigbours,

and when the neighbours open their door,

the children wish them a happy Ramadan Festival and kiss their hands.

 

In Turkish culture, the younger people show their respect to

elder people by kissing their hands.

The neighbours thank to children and serve them candy or give them money.

 

 

During these three days,

you can see family groups on the streets which are going to visit their relatives
or you can see children walking from one neighbour door to another.

They all wear their best dresses and it is a totally good view to watch.

 

 

Although it is not as magnificent as Thai festivals,

it is still a modest but fun festival which is celebrated in Turkey
and all other Islamic countries.

 

วิทยาศาสตร์สิ่งแวดล้อม ม.5/2

ตัวชี้วัด วิชาวิทยาศาสตร์สิ่งแวดล้อม (ว 40283)
จำนวน 1.5 หน่วยกิต

สาระที่ 2 ชีวิตกับสิ่งแวดล้อม

มาตรฐาน ว 2.1

ตัวชี้วัดที่ 1) สำรวจระบบนิเวศต่างๆในท้องถิ่นและอธิบายความสัมพันธ์ขององค์ประกอบในระบบนิเวศ

ตัวชี้วัดที่ 2) วิเคราะห์และอธิบายความสัมพันธ์ของการถ่ายทอดพลังงานของสิ่งมีชีวิตในรูปของโซ่อาหารและสายใยอาหาร

ตัวชี้วัดที่ 3) อธิบายปัจจัยที่มีผลต่อการเปลี่ยนแปลงขนาดของประชากรในระบบนิเวศ

มาตรฐาน ว 2.2

ตัวชี้วัดที่ 1) วิเคราะห์สภาพปัญหาสิ่งแวดล้อมทรัพยากรธรรมชาติในท้องถิ่นและเสนอแนวทาง

ในการแก้ไขปัญหา

ตัวชี้วัดที่ 2) อธิบายแนวทางการรักษาสมดุลของระบบนิเวศ

ตัวชี้วัดที่ 3) อภิปรายการใช้ทรัพยากรธรรมชาติอย่างยั่งยืน

ตัวชี้วัดที่ 4) วิเคราะห์และอธิบายการใช้ทรัพยากรธรรมชาติตามปรัชญาเศรษฐกิจพอเพียง

ตัวชี้วัดที่ 5) อภิปรายปัญหาสิ่งแวดล้อมและเสนอแนะแนวทางการแก้ปัญหา

ตัวชี้วัดที่ 6) อภิปรายและมีส่วนร่วมในการดูแลและอนุรักษ์สิ่งแวดล้อมในท้องถิ่นอย่างยั่งยืน

คำอธิบายรายวิชา วิชาวิทยาศาสตร์สิ่งแวดล้อม (ว 40283)

ศึกษาวิเคราะห์ อภิปรายชีวิตกับสิ่งแวดล้อมที่เกี่ยวข้องกับความหลากหลาย
ดุลยภาพ ความสัมพันธ์ การถ่ายทอดพลังงานและการหมุนเวียนสาร การเปลี่ยนแปลงแทนที่
ในระบบนิเวศ ตลอดจนความหนาแน่นและการกระจาย ขนาด รูปแบบการเพิ่ม การรอดชีวิตของ
ประชากรสิ่งมีชีวิตชนิดต่าง และประชากรมนุษย์ รวมทั้งศึกษาเกี่ยวกับทรัพยากรธรรมชาติ
ในด้านการใช้ประโยชน์ ปัญหา การจัดการ การอนุรักษ์ กับการพัฒนาอย่างยั่งยืนของ
ทรัพยากรธรรมชาติ  โดยใช้กระบวนการสืบเสาะหาความรู้ กระบวนการสร้างความคิดรวบยอด
กระบวนการคิดวิเคราะห์ กระบวนการสื่อสารสิ่งที่เรียนรู้ กระบวนการสร้างความตระหนัก และ
การนำความรู้ไปใช้ให้เกิดประโยชน์ในชีวิตประจำวัน

เพื่อให้เกิดความรู้ ความคิด ความเข้าใจ สามารถสื่อสารสิ่งที่เรียนรู้ มีความสามารถ
ในการตัดสินใจ นำความรู้ไปใช้ในชีวิตประจำวัน มีจิตวิทยาศาสตร์ คุณธรรม จริยธรรม
ค่านิยมที่เหมาะสม และคุณลักษณะที่พึงประสงค์

หน่วยการเรียนรู้ /สาระสำคัญ

1. ระบบนิเวศ (20 ชั่วโมง)
-ไบโอม
-ความหลากหลายของระบบนิเวศ
-ความสัมพันธ์ในระบบนิเวศ
-การถ่ายทอดพลังงานและการหมุนเวียนสารในระบบนิเวศ
-การเปลี่ยนแปลงแทนที่ของระบบนิเวศ

2. ประชากร (10 ชั่วโมง)
-ความหนาแน่นและการแพรกระจายของประชากร
-ขนาดของประชากร
-รูปแบบการเพิ่มของประชากร
-การรอดชีวิตของประชากร
-ประชากรมนุษย์

3. มนุษย์กับทรัพยากรธรรมชาติิ(20 ชั่วโมง)
– ทรัพยากรน้ำ
– ทรัพยากรป่าไม้
– ดิน
– อากาศ

4. ภาวะโลกร้อน(5 ชั่วโมง)
– สาเหตุและผลกระทบจากภาวะโลกร้อน
– การเปลี่ยนแปลงสภาวะอากาศ
– ช่วยลดโลกร้อนด้วยมือเรา

5.การพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืน (5 ชั่วโมง)
-หลักการอนุรักษ์ทรัพยากรธรรมชาติ

แบบทดสอบครั้งที่ 1
แบบทดสอบครั้งที่ 2
แบบทดสอบครั้งที่ 3

Loy Krathong

Dear Co-Workers and Students;

This week I would like to write about my first and amazing Loy Krathong experience.

As you already know, I had been witnessed one Songkran festival before,
but this Loy Krathong festival was also beautiful as much as Songkran festival.

In the first day Saturday evening,
I watched the long, colourful and magnificent parade of Wangchao People.
Everybody was well-dressed, happy, joyful and very smiley in the parade.
It took long time the parade’s arriving near to the river but it was just a great show.

After arriving the area near to the river,
I kept enjoying the entertainment with people around there.
They were dancing, singing songs, enjoying the dance shows on the stage,
drinking, eating and of course putting Loy Krathongs to the water.

I was just lost in this fantastic and amazing atmosphere and believe me I had no complain about that.

I also learned that the kratong was made of banana leaves or
the layers of the trunk of a banana tree or a spider lily plant.
And a kratong contains food, betel nuts, flowers, joss sticks and candle.

The Loy Kratong ritual was a simple one but interesting, too.
People  light the candles, make their wishes and let it float away.

I did that ritual twice. Yes, this ritual was fun to do or watch.
But on the other hand, I knew it has to be a meaning. In Thai festivals or
traditions, everything Thai people do has a meaning too.

Fairly soon, I learned it. People watch intently as the float drifts silently downstream,
hoping that the candle will not go out. Its flame is said to signify longevity,
fulfillment of wishes and release from sins.

Altogether it is considered a romantic night for couples or lovers.
Couples who make a wish together on Loy Kratong are thought to stay together in the future.
(I regret not having a lover beside me while I was floating my Loy Krathong away.)

On the second and third days of the festival,
I went to Tak Province for celebrations. I wasn’t surprised when I saw similar enjoyment and enthusiasm.

In Tak I watched  a lot of “Khom Fai” s  while they were being drifted into the sky.
And there were a lot of fireworks which adorned the dark sky.

Loy Krathong festival meant a lot to me and I can not wait to see the second one again.
I know I have to wait for another long year but it really worths, doesn’t it?

Songkran Festival

Dear Co-Workers and Students,

This week I want to talk about my Songkran Festival experience in Thailand.

 

I was kind of a newbie in Thailand when I witnessed my first and the only Songkran Festival. Before the festival have begun, I had collected some informations about it.

But I can easily say that they were very basic informations. All I know that people  throw water to each other as much as they can during all festival. But after a while, my opinions started to change and I began to realize the main traditions and purposes of this fun and meaningful festival.

 

During the festival, I was living in Pattaya. I thought the festival would take place for three or four days but then I saw that this festival would not last before ten days in Pattaya.

In the first days, I was trying to avoid going out and walking on the streets for not getting all wet. But in the end, I had to go out and thanks to cheerful and excited Thai people, I had been thrown water at least twenty times just in one hour. First, I felt a little uneasy but after getting used to it, I even enjoyed that.

 

As the festival days went by, I learned that Songkran is a Public Spring Cleaning Day. I was told that Thai people beleive that anything old and useless must be thrown away or it will bring bad luck to the owner.

In the middle days of the festivals, I have visited a Thai family with my friends. And I saw that the children of the family kneeled down before their parents and paid their respects to them. And they also apologized for their mistakes.

After that, the parents sprinkled water to the children over their hands. After seeing this tradition, I understood the deep meaning of this festival once more again.

This festival means not only a lot of fun for Thai people, but it also includes their reasonable beliefs for renewing their stuff every year and showing great respect to their family.

As a result I can indicate that I enjoyed this festival and also learned some important and valuable things from it. And there is another festival soon which is called “Loy Krathong” and I can not wait for expereincing it. I am sure I will enjoy that festival, too.

 

Best Regards,

Mr. Uygar Kanmaz.

Thai foods…

Dear Co-Workers and Students;

 

This week I want to talk about Thai foods. I will talk about Turkish foods, too. And I am going to compare two kitchens and I am going to say the differences between them.

This time, I will try to write in easier grammar. So the students can understand better. In my previous times, I always ate Turkish foods. And I also ate Western style foods in fast food restaurants. Most of times, the tastes were okay but they weren’t very delicious and especially fast foods were unhealthy.

 

In Turkish kitchen, people mostly cook the meals too oiled and they can not give up pastry. Many foods are pastry in Turkey and most of the foods include high level carbohydrates.

But in fact, the main problem is “bread” in Turkey. Even if the meal that is cooked doesn’t have carbohydrate, people eat a lot of bread with that meal. Previously many people were eating a lot of bread. Because they were poor and cooking bread was cheap. It is a cheap nutrition and it makes you feel full. But it became a very common and bad habbit now, so a lot of people keep eating bread even if they are not poor.

It includes high rated carbohydrate and that makes the people unhealthier and fatter. Besides, Turkish bread is not any tasty at all. As I know, Turkey is in the first place among all countries which eat bread the most.

 

Another thing I can say about Turkish kitchen is that people don’t eat many kinds of meals. They generally have a basic menu in their life and they rarely taste different and special tastes. They just eat the food to continue their lives.

They just eat and go to school. They just eat and go to work. They just eat and watch television. Eating is not a special and joyful thing for them. It is only a necessity to live.

 

On the other hand, Thai kitchen has been an amazing experience for me. I just loved the taste of the foods and I was very surprised of seeing the unbelievable  variety. Most of Thai foods are healthy and nutritious and most importantly they are so delicious. I wasn’t a fan of spicy foods before but since I have been in here, I have begun to get used to it.

Thai kitchen includes incredible tasty sauces, different cooking styles, meats, vegetables and top quality rice. I wish Turkish people would eat this healthy and low caloried carbohydrate instead of their bread.

 

The second advantage of Thai food is it’s being pretty economical. As a result of being a country with expensiv prices, Turkish people have to limit their choices in their kitchen.

I know millions of people who can not eat any kind of meat for long periods because of unreasonable prices.But since I had been here in Thailand, I could reach all of the delicious protein sources such as beef, pork, shrimp, fish, chicken, squid, etc….

But there is still a better side of Turkish kitchen according to Thai kitchen. And that is breakfast. Breakfast has completely a different menu from lunch and dinner in Turkey.People eat some bread, olive, cheese, honey, egg, a little butter, fruit jam while drinking a cup of tea or coffee.

I should admit that I would prefer Turkish style breakfast instead of  a Thai breakfast to start a day better. But this situation doesn’t change my mind in general. If I have to make a choice, I would always choose magical, different and adventurous Thai taste.

 

Best Regards,

Mr. Uygar Kanmaz

Teacher UYGAR Talk.. part 2-2

As you know, when I bought a bicycle, that gave me a lot of opportunuties to discover the district and meet new people. I wasn’t aware of alternative roads and new places before, but I have found and discovered beautiful views, exotic structures and houses, mysterious temples and more importantly, new smiling and positive faces. I just loved the landscape along the big and long river and I try to travel on those roads as much as I can. Sometime I stop by a small restaurant and try to experience a new and different taste. Surprisingly I enjoy most of  the tastes belong to Thai kitchen but anyway, maybe I should better talk about that subject in another article.

In my daily life, after working hours, I always do cardio and some fitness exercises for being healthy and slowing down my aging. And these bicycle travellings was supposed to be a useful cardio work-out. But as I told you before, viewing wonderful landscapes, knowing new people and getting new ideas about Thai country life while driving bicycle have just made this exercise into a fun, amazing and joyful activity.

People say ” You feel like good times pass very quickly.” At the end of my article, I will point out that I agree with that word. I have had a pleasant time in this school  and this district in four months, but believe me I still feel like I have been here since last month only. Hope to meet with you again here with my another writing next time.

Mr. Uygar Kanmaz

Teacher UYGAR Talk.. part 2-1

Dear Co-Workers and Students;

In this article, I am going to describe some more about my recent stories and give information how I feel about being in Wangchao as a foreigner. Last time, as you may remember, I mostly talked about myself and my story which made me find myself in this school and Wangchao District. This week I want to make mention of my observations about the places I have visited around here, the people whom I have met with and my conversations with them, and lastly I want to talk about some of my daily actions.

I have had a lot of chances for travelling around this lovely district, being in communication with smiley and respectful people and getting amazed of wonderful nature of this place since I have arrived here four months ago. In my first days, I didn’t know many people in the district and I had very few opinions about where to go for even taking a walk. Then I kept in contact with teachers and students so I could be more involved with people. The good thing about communication with Thai people is that they mostly have a positive and joyful character and they try to transfer that positive athmosphere into you during a conversation. To be honest, I wasn’t a very talkative person in my own country but I have begun to change rapidly since I have moved in this country.

To be  continues.. Teacher UYGAR Talk.. part 2/2